Robert J. Dole
Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is a retired American politician and attorney who represented Kansas in Congress from 1961 to 1996 and served as the Republican Leader of the United States Senate from 1985 until 1996. He was the Republican presidential nominee in the 1996 presidential election and the party's vice presidential nominee in the 1976 presidential election.
Born in Russell, Kansas, Dole established a legal career in Russell after serving with distinction in the United States Army during World War II. After a stint as Russel County Attorney, he won election to the United States House of Representatives in 1960. In 1968, Dole was elected to the United States Senate, where he served as Chairman of the Republican National Committee from 1971 to 1973 and Chairman of the Senate Finance Committee from 1981 to 1985.
He led the Senate Republicans from 1985 to his resignation in 1996, and served as Senate Majority Leader from 1985 to 1987 and from 1995 to 1996. In his role as Republican leader, he helped defeat President Bill Clinton's health care plan.
President Gerald Ford chose Dole as his running mate in the 1976 election after Vice President Nelson Rockefeller withdrew from the ticket. Ford was defeated by
Democrat Jimmy Carter in the general election. Dole sought the Republican presidential nomination in 1980 but quickly dropped out of the race. He experienced more success in the 1988 Republican primaries but was defeated by Vice President George H. W. Bush.
Dole won the Republican nomination in 1996 and selected Jack Kemp as his running mate. The Republican ticket lost in the general election to Bill Clinton, making Dole the first person to be nominated for both president and vice president without winning election to either position. He resigned from the Senate during the 1996 campaign and did not seek public office again after the election.
Though he retired from public office, Dole has remained active in public life after 1996. He appeared in numerous commercials and television programs and served on
various councils. In 2012, Dole unsuccessfully advocated Senate ratification of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. He initially supported Jeb Bush in the 2016 Republican primaries, but was later the only former Republican nominee to endorse Donald Trump, after Trump clinched the Republican nomination.
Dole is currently a member of the advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation and special counsel at the Washington, D.C., office of law firm Alston & Bird. On January 17, 2018, Dole was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal. He is married to former U.S. Senator Elizabeth Dole.
Bob Dole married Phyllis Holden, an occupational therapist at a veterans hospital, in Battle Creek, Michigan, in 1948, three months after they met. Their daughter, Robin, was born on October 15, 1954. He and Holden divorced January 11, 1972. Phyllis Holden died on April 22, 2008.
Bob Dole's wife, former U.S. Senator Elizabeth Dole
Dole is a Freemason and a member of Russell Lodge No. 177, Russell, Kansas. In 1975, Dole was elevated to the 33rd degree of the Scottish Rite.
Dole often refers to himself in the third person in conversation.
World War II and Recovery
In 1942, Dole joined the United States Army's Enlisted Reserve Corps to fight in World War II, becoming a second lieutenant in the Army's 10th Mountain Division. In April 1945, while engaged in combat near Castel d'Aiano in the Apennine mountains southwest of Bologna, Italy, Dole was badly wounded by German machine gun fire, being hit in his upper back and right arm. As Lee Sandlin describes, when fellow soldiers saw the extent of his injuries, all they thought they could do was to "give him the largest dose of morphine they dared and write an 'M' for 'morphine' on his forehead in his own blood, so that nobody else who found him would give him a second, fatal dose."
Dole was transported to the United States, where his recovery was slow, interrupted by blood clots and a life-threatening infection. After large doses of penicillin had not succeeded, he overcame the infection with the administration of streptomycin, which at the time was still an experimental drug. He remained despondent, "not ready to accept the fact that my life would be changed forever." He was encouraged to see Hampar Kelikian, an orthopedist in Chicago who had been working with veterans returning from war. Although during their first meeting Kelikian told Dole that he would never be able to recover fully, the encounter changed Dole's outlook on life, who years later wrote of Kelikian, a survivor of the Armenian Genocide, "Kelikian inspired me to focus on what I had left and what I could do with it, rather than complaining what had been lost." Dr. K, as Dole later came to affectionately call him, operated on him seven times, free of charge, and had, in Dole's words, "an impact on my life second only to my family."
Dole recovered from his wounds at the Percy Jones Army Hospital. This complex of federal buildings, no longer a hospital, is now named Hart-Dole-Inouye Federal Center in honor of three patients who became United States Senators: Dole, Philip Hart and Daniel Inouye. Dole was decorated three times, receiving two Purple Hearts for his injuries, and the Bronze Star with "V" Device for valor for his attempt to assist a downed radioman. The injuries left him with limited mobility in his right arm and numbness in his left arm. He minimizes the effect in public by keeping a pen in his right hand.
• Bronze Star Medal
• Purple Heart with oak leaf cluster
• American Campaign Medal
• European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
• World War II Victory Medal
DPAA Number: DPAA15-0048
Case Number: CIL 1993-237-I-01
Name: Stuck, Kenneth Richard
Date of Birth: 25 July 1930
Service Number: RA13342892
Rank/Service: Corporal (Cpl), U.S. Army
Unit: L Co, 3rd Battalion, 8th Cav Regiment,
1st Cav Division
Location of Loss: Chonsung-ri, North Korea
Date of Loss: 2 November 1950
Date of Identification: 30 October 2015
Date of Report: 24 November 2015
On the night of 1-2 November 1950, the Chinese People’s Volunteer Forces (CPVF) attacked the 8th Cavalry at Unsan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (D.P.R.K./North Korea), forcing a night withdrawal to the south. On 2 November, L Company was part of a screening force defending the withdrawal route when the CPVF attacked again, eventually forcing elements of 3 rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry (3/8 Cavalry) to regroup after days of fighting the CPVF. With no hope of rescue or resupply, the able-bodied soldiers of 3/8 Cavalry attempted to escape and evade the enemy on the night of 4 November, leaving behind the wounded in the care of the Battalion Surgeon. Most of the escaping soldiers were captured and marched north to Prisoner of War (POW) camps. Private First Class (Pfc) Kenneth R. Stuck was declared Missing in Action (MIA) as a result of the fighting that occurred on 2 November 1950. Private First Class STUCK never appeared on any list of POWs held, nor did any returning POWs have any knowledge of his fate. The U.S. Army declared Pfc STUCK dead on 31 December 1953, and posthumously promoted him to the rank of Corporal (Cpl), effective 1 May 1953.
Corporal Stuck’s remains were not returned by the D.P.R.K. nor were they recovered by the U.S. Army Graves Registration Service at the end of the Korean War. However, from 1990 to 1994, D.P.R.K. representatives turned over a total of 208 boxes of remains that they purported to be American. It was soon discovered that individual boxes contained the remains of more than one person and remains of the same person were sometimes in different boxes. On 30 November 1993, the D.P.R.K. unilaterally turned over 33 boxes of remains purported to be unaccounted-for U.S. servicemen from the Korean War. The D.P.R.K. reported that they recovered the remains eventually designated as CIL 1993-237 from Chonsung-ri, Unsan County, North Pyongan Province, D.P.R.K. Chonsung-ri corresponds with the locations where the CPVF and the 3/8 Cavalry fought in early November 1950.
SUMMARY OF IDENTIFICATION
DNA testing is performed at the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory (AFDIL), Armed Forces Medical Examiner System, Dover AFB, DE. Tests include mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which traces the maternal (mother’s) line of inheritance; Y-chromosome DNA (YSTR), which traces the paternal (father’s) line of inheritance; and autosomal DNA (auSTR) which is individual specific. However, in this case, none Of the sampled bones yield reportable auSTR data.
All of the bones are sampled for DNA testing and yield an mtDNA sequence that is consistent with the maternal references associated with four missing service members from the Korean War, one of whom is Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck. Two of these service members are excluded from consideration on the basis of inconsistent loss location. The genetic data (mtDNA only) for the bones tested are conservatively up to 275 times more likely to be observed under the scenario that the family reference samples compared to the bone samples submitted originate from maternal relatives (a brother and sister) of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck than from unrelated individuals in the general Caucasian population.
To strengthen the case and eliminate the other possible matching service member, Y-STR testing is also performed. A right forearm bone (ulna) and the left thigh bone both yield partial Y-STR profiles that are consistent with a paternal reference (brother) of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck. This testing excludes the one other service member with the same mtDNA sequence as Cpl Stuck. The genetic data (mtDNA and Y-STR) for the right ulna, the left femur, and the left tibia are up to 167,000 times more likely to be observed under the scenario that the family reference samples compared to the bone samples submitted originate from a paternal relative (brother) of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck than from an unrelated individual in the general Caucasian population. Other bones were tested, but yielded insufficient or non-reportable Y-STR data.
The examined remains consist of incomplete and fragmentary skeleton in poor condition. All of the bones are sampled, tested for mtDNA, and those yielding results, share an mtDNA sequence. Morphologically and developmentally, the remains are those of an adult male, aged 17 – 27 years at death, of indeterminate ancestry, and an estimated stature of 64.7 – 70.3 inches. No perimortem trauma is observed in the remains. At the time of his loss, Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck was a 20-year-old white male who stood 67 inches in height.
Skeletal remains are consolidated from eight different accessions that were unilaterally turned over by North Korea, on the basis of a shared mitochondrial DNA sequence data.
|Skeletal Element||mtDNA Sample
|Purported Origin||Original Accession|
|Cranium||A.3 (01D)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-113|
|Right ulna||D (04A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-115|
|Left humerus||A (01A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-117|
|Right radius||O (15A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-117|
|Right innominate||F.1 (06B)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-231|
|Left femur||A (01A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-231|
|Fibula||H (08A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-231|
|Left scapula||07A||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-234|
|Right humerus||F (06A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-236|
|Left innominate||10A||Up-ri||CIL 1993-248|
|Right femur||01A||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-237|
|Left tibia||02A||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-237|
|Right tibia||03A||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-237|
The laboratory analysis and the totality of the circumstantial evidence available establish the remains as those of Corporal Kenneth Richard Stuck, RA13342892, U.S. Army.
The date of Cpl Stuck''s death was previously established by the U.S. Army as 31 December 1953, with the cause of death not stated. Corporal STUCK was most likely Killed in Action and more accurate date of death would be 4 November 1950; the MIA location was also the location where the remains were claimed to have been recovered from. Based on the available evidence, the cause and manner of death cannot be determined to a sufficient degree of medical certainty, and are best certified as "Undetermined." If additional remains of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck are recovered and identified, disposition of those remains will be in accordance with the wishes of the next of kin.
EDWARD A. REEDY, Ph.D., M.D., D-ABP
Captain, Medical Corps, U.S.Navy
Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency
1. Historical Report: Corporal Kenneth R. STUCK; Democratic People's Republic of Korea; dtd 3 February 2015
2. Report of Segregation: K208 Sequence 6 (Chongsung-ni Sequence 6); dtd 20 November 2012
3. Report of Consolidation: Consolidation of Remains Originally Accessioned as CIL 1993113, CIL 1993-115, CIL 1993-117, CIL
1993-231, CIL 1993-234, CIL 1993-236, CIL 1993-237 and CIL 1993-248 into CIL 1993-237-I-01 (K208 Sequence 6); dtd 30
4. Forensic Anthropology Report: CIL 1993-237-I-01; dtd 27 June 2013
5. Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
1993-113; AFDIL Case No. 1999H-0535; dtd December 12, 2014
6. Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
1993-115; AFDIL Case No. 2002H-0974; dtdOctober 14, 2015
7. Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
1993-117; AFDIL Case No. 2002H-0975; dtd December 11, 2014
8. Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
1993-231; AFDIL Case No. 2001H-0005; dtd October 6, 2015
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