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DPAA Number: DPAA15-0048
Case Number: CIL 1993-237-I-01
Name: Stuck, Kenneth Richard
Date of Birth: 25 July 1930
Service Number: RA13342892
Rank/Service: Corporal (Cpl), U.S. Army
Unit: L Co, 3rd Battalion, 8th Cav Regiment,
1st Cav Division
Location of Loss: Chonsung-ri, North Korea
Date of Loss: 2 November 1950
Date of Identification: 30 October 2015
Date of Report: 24 November 2015
On the night of 1-2 November 1950, the Chinese People’s Volunteer Forces (CPVF) attacked the 8th Cavalry at Unsan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (D.P.R.K./North Korea), forcing a night withdrawal to the south. On 2 November, L Company was part of a screening force defending the withdrawal route when the CPVF attacked again, eventually forcing elements of 3 rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry (3/8 Cavalry) to regroup after days of fighting the CPVF. With no hope of rescue or resupply, the able-bodied soldiers of 3/8 Cavalry attempted to escape and evade the enemy on the night of 4 November, leaving behind the wounded in the care of the Battalion Surgeon. Most of the escaping soldiers were captured and marched north to Prisoner of War (POW) camps. Private First Class (Pfc) Kenneth R. Stuck was declared Missing in Action (MIA) as a result of the fighting that occurred on 2 November 1950. Private First Class STUCK never appeared on any list of POWs held, nor did any returning POWs have any knowledge of his fate. The U.S. Army declared Pfc STUCK dead on 31 December 1953, and posthumously promoted him to the rank of Corporal (Cpl), effective 1 May 1953.
Corporal Stuck’s remains were not returned by the D.P.R.K. nor were they recovered by the U.S. Army Graves Registration Service at the end of the Korean War. However, from 1990 to 1994, D.P.R.K. representatives turned over a total of 208 boxes of remains that they purported to be American. It was soon discovered that individual boxes contained the remains of more than one person and remains of the same person were sometimes in different boxes. On 30 November 1993, the D.P.R.K. unilaterally turned over 33 boxes of remains purported to be unaccounted-for U.S. servicemen from the Korean War. The D.P.R.K. reported that they recovered the remains eventually designated as CIL 1993-237 from Chonsung-ri, Unsan County, North Pyongan Province, D.P.R.K. Chonsung-ri corresponds with the locations where the CPVF and the 3/8 Cavalry fought in early November 1950.
SUMMARY OF IDENTIFICATION
DNA testing is performed at the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory (AFDIL), Armed Forces Medical Examiner System, Dover AFB, DE. Tests include mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which traces the maternal (mother’s) line of inheritance; Y-chromosome DNA (YSTR), which traces the paternal (father’s) line of inheritance; and autosomal DNA (auSTR) which is individual specific. However, in this case, none Of the sampled bones yield reportable auSTR data.
All of the bones are sampled for DNA testing and yield an mtDNA sequence that is consistent with the maternal references associated with four missing service members from the Korean War, one of whom is Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck. Two of these service members are excluded from consideration on the basis of inconsistent loss location. The genetic data (mtDNA only) for the bones tested are conservatively up to 275 times more likely to be observed under the scenario that the family reference samples compared to the bone samples submitted originate from maternal relatives (a brother and sister) of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck than from unrelated individuals in the general Caucasian population.
To strengthen the case and eliminate the other possible matching service member, Y-STR testing is also performed. A right forearm bone (ulna) and the left thigh bone both yield partial Y-STR profiles that are consistent with a paternal reference (brother) of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck. This testing excludes the one other service member with the same mtDNA sequence as Cpl Stuck. The genetic data (mtDNA and Y-STR) for the right ulna, the left femur, and the left tibia are up to 167,000 times more likely to be observed under the scenario that the family reference samples compared to the bone samples submitted originate from a paternal relative (brother) of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck than from an unrelated individual in the general Caucasian population. Other bones were tested, but yielded insufficient or non-reportable Y-STR data.
The examined remains consist of incomplete and fragmentary skeleton in poor condition. All of the bones are sampled, tested for mtDNA, and those yielding results, share an mtDNA sequence. Morphologically and developmentally, the remains are those of an adult male, aged 17 – 27 years at death, of indeterminate ancestry, and an estimated stature of 64.7 – 70.3 inches. No perimortem trauma is observed in the remains. At the time of his loss, Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck was a 20-year-old white male who stood 67 inches in height.
Skeletal remains are consolidated from eight different accessions that were unilaterally turned over by North Korea, on the basis of a shared mitochondrial DNA sequence data.
|Skeletal Element||mtDNA Sample
|Purported Origin||Original Accession|
|Cranium||A.3 (01D)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-113|
|Right ulna||D (04A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-115|
|Left humerus||A (01A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-117|
|Right radius||O (15A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-117|
|Right innominate||F.1 (06B)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-231|
|Left femur||A (01A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-231|
|Fibula||H (08A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-231|
|Left scapula||07A||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-234|
|Right humerus||F (06A)||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-236|
|Left innominate||10A||Up-ri||CIL 1993-248|
|Right femur||01A||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-237|
|Left tibia||02A||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-237|
|Right tibia||03A||Chongsung-ni||CIL 1993-237|
The laboratory analysis and the totality of the circumstantial evidence available establish the remains as those of Corporal Kenneth Richard Stuck, RA13342892, U.S. Army.
The date of Cpl Stuck''s death was previously established by the U.S. Army as 31 December 1953, with the cause of death not stated. Corporal STUCK was most likely Killed in Action and more accurate date of death would be 4 November 1950; the MIA location was also the location where the remains were claimed to have been recovered from. Based on the available evidence, the cause and manner of death cannot be determined to a sufficient degree of medical certainty, and are best certified as "Undetermined." If additional remains of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck are recovered and identified, disposition of those remains will be in accordance with the wishes of the next of kin.
EDWARD A. REEDY, Ph.D., M.D., D-ABP
Captain, Medical Corps, U.S.Navy
Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency
1. Historical Report: Corporal Kenneth R. STUCK; Democratic People's Republic of Korea; dtd 3 February 2015
2. Report of Segregation: K208 Sequence 6 (Chongsung-ni Sequence 6); dtd 20 November 2012
3. Report of Consolidation: Consolidation of Remains Originally Accessioned as CIL 1993113, CIL 1993-115, CIL 1993-117, CIL
1993-231, CIL 1993-234, CIL 1993-236, CIL 1993-237 and CIL 1993-248 into CIL 1993-237-I-01 (K208 Sequence 6); dtd 30
4. Forensic Anthropology Report: CIL 1993-237-I-01; dtd 27 June 2013
5. Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
1993-113; AFDIL Case No. 1999H-0535; dtd December 12, 2014
6. Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
1993-115; AFDIL Case No. 2002H-0974; dtdOctober 14, 2015
7. Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
1993-117; AFDIL Case No. 2002H-0975; dtd December 11, 2014
8. Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
1993-231; AFDIL Case No. 2001H-0005; dtd October 6, 2015
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