Freedom Stones

Our Vets Come First!

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About Us

Freedom Stones



The Mission of the KWVA is to:
     • DEFEND our Nation
     • CARE for our Veterans
     • PERPETUATE our Legacy
     • REMEMBER our Missing and Fallen
     • MAINTAIN our Memorial
     • SUPPORT a free Korea

According to the incorporation papers, the corporation was formed for seven purposes. They included:

• To organize, promote and maintain for benevolent and charitable purposes an association of persons who have seen honorable service during the Korean War at any time between June 25, 1950 and 31 January 1955, both dates inclusive, and of certain other persons, the particular qualifications for membership to be set forth in the By-laws of the Korean War Veterans Association.
• To grant charters to groups of members at large of the Association.
• To provide a means of contact and communication among the members of the Association.
• To promote the establishment of, and to establish war and other memorials commemorative of any person or persons who served in the Korean War.
• To aid needy Association members and their wives and children, and the widows and children of persons who were members at the time of their death.
• To establish and maintain a national headquarters.
• To do any and all things necessary or proper for the accomplishment of the foregoing business and objects of the Association, including, for such purposes, to contract and pay for personal and other services, to contract for, buy, take by deed, gift or devise, hold, possess, manage, borrow, rent, lease, loan, assign, convey, sell, and dispose of in any manner real and personal property, and to act as trustee, or be a beneficiary of a trust.

The original number of trustees in the first year of the Korean War Veterans Association’s existence was nine. The founding officers listed on the "Registration of Charitable Trust or Charitable Corporation" papers were: William T. Norris, President; Mario Scarcelletta, 1st Vice President; Arthur Patterson, 2nd Vice President; William Coe, Director; John Herbert, Treasurer; Kenneth Dame, Director; and Arthur L. DeVoe Jr., Director. The first issue of Graybeards (January, 1986), edited by William T. Norris, also said that Ira J. Singer and Edward Hoth were directors for 1985, along with Dame. Directors for 1986 were Robert F. Marchillo, DeVoe, and Stanley E. Hadden. Directors for 1987 were Coe, Dale W. Riggs, and Joseph A. Ricker. The historians were William Kingston, Jr. and Victor Gerst, Jr.h.

A history of the forming of the Korean War Veterans Association was written by its founder, William T. Norris. The history can be found on pages 26 and 27 of the March/April 2003 Graybeards (official magazine of the KWVA). On July 26, 1985, about 56 men met in Arlington to discuss forming the KWVA. They left the hotel in Arlington to attend a ceremony to recognize the first issue of the United States Post Office’s new Korean War veterans stamp. When they returned to the hotel, 40 of the veterans held a second meeting at 2 p.m. to actually enroll and pay membership dues as the founding members of the KWVA. The roster of the original 40 founding members is listed here to honor them. As a point of clarification, readers should be aware of the fact that 39 members have often been listed as the founding members of the KWVA. However, a fortieth founding member came in a little late at the 2 p.m. meeting (Ralph E. Butler) on July 26, 1985, and he paid his membership dues at that time.

• William T. Norris, Founder
• Dale W. Riggs
• William Booker
• Joseph J. Perc
• William F. Mason Jr.
• Robert A. McWatter
• Vincent A. Estella
• Arthur T. Patterson
• Donald E. Nelson
• Gabe Lamagna
• Allen M. Smith
• LeRoy M. Stucker
• Richard Winterstein
• John A. Herbert
• Daniel Lucey Jr.
• Edward Hoth
• Kenneth Borchardt
• Ralph W. Melcher
• William McCavitt
• C.J. Rittenhouse
• Thomas C. Harris Jr.
• Wes Worsham
• Harry Wallace
• Herman Voellings
• Charles Ritenour
• Richard Ziemba
• Ralph Lugo
• Stanley Hadden
• Herbert Parnow
• Charles Soules
• Jack Cloman
• Mario Scarselletta Jr.
• Howard M. Steele Jr.
• Victor Gerst
• Robert O’Hara
• Joseph Browne
• Joseph P. McCallion
• Herbert Watson
• Milton H. Olazagasti
• Ralph E. Butler

Medical Examiner Summary Report

DPAA Number:            DPAA15-0048
Case Number:              CIL 1993-237-I-01
Name:                         Stuck, Kenneth Richard
Date of Birth:               25 July 1930
Service Number:           RA13342892
Rank/Service:               Corporal (Cpl), U.S. Army
Unit:                            L Co, 3rd Battalion, 8th Cav Regiment,
                                       1st Cav Division
Location of Loss:           Chonsung-ri, North Korea
Date of Loss:                2 November 1950
Date of Identification:    30 October 2015
Date of Report:             24 November 2015


On the night of 1-2 November 1950, the Chinese People’s Volunteer Forces (CPVF) attacked the 8th Cavalry at Unsan, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (D.P.R.K./North Korea), forcing a night withdrawal to the south.  On 2 November, L Company was part of a screening force defending the withdrawal route when the CPVF attacked again, eventually forcing elements of 3 rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry (3/8 Cavalry) to regroup after days of fighting the CPVF.  With no hope of rescue or resupply, the able-bodied soldiers of 3/8 Cavalry attempted to escape and evade the enemy on the night of 4 November, leaving behind the wounded in the care of the Battalion Surgeon.  Most of the escaping soldiers were captured and marched north to Prisoner of War (POW) camps.  Private First Class (Pfc) Kenneth R. Stuck was declared Missing in Action (MIA) as a result of the fighting that occurred on 2 November 1950.   Private First Class STUCK never appeared on any list of POWs held, nor did any returning POWs have any knowledge of his fate.  The U.S. Army declared Pfc STUCK dead on 31 December 1953, and posthumously promoted him to the rank of Corporal (Cpl), effective 1 May 1953.

Corporal Stuck’s remains were not returned by the D.P.R.K. nor were they recovered by the U.S. Army Graves Registration Service at the end of the Korean War.  However, from 1990 to 1994, D.P.R.K. representatives turned over a total of 208 boxes of remains that they purported to be American.  It was soon discovered that individual boxes contained the remains of more than one person and remains of the same person were sometimes in different boxes.  On 30 November 1993, the D.P.R.K. unilaterally turned over 33 boxes of remains purported to be unaccounted-for U.S. servicemen from the Korean War. The D.P.R.K. reported that they recovered the remains eventually designated as CIL 1993-237 from Chonsung-ri, Unsan County, North Pyongan Province, D.P.R.K. Chonsung-ri corresponds with the locations where  the CPVF and the 3/8 Cavalry fought in early November 1950. 



DNA Analysis:

DNA testing is performed at the Armed Forces DNA Identification Laboratory (AFDIL), Armed Forces Medical Examiner System, Dover AFB, DE.  Tests include mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), which traces the maternal (mother’s) line of inheritance; Y-chromosome DNA (YSTR), which traces the paternal (father’s) line of inheritance; and autosomal DNA (auSTR)  which is individual specific.  However, in this case, none Of the sampled bones yield reportable auSTR data.

All of the bones are sampled for DNA testing and yield an mtDNA sequence that is consistent with the maternal references associated with four missing service members from the Korean War, one of whom is Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck.  Two of these service members are excluded from consideration on the basis of inconsistent loss location.  The genetic data (mtDNA only) for the bones tested are conservatively up to 275 times more likely to be observed under the scenario that the family reference samples compared to the bone samples submitted originate from maternal relatives (a brother and sister) of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck than from unrelated individuals in the general Caucasian population.

To strengthen the case and eliminate the other possible matching service member, Y-STR testing is also performed.  A right forearm bone (ulna) and the left thigh bone both yield partial Y-STR profiles that are consistent with a paternal reference (brother) of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck.  This testing excludes the one other service member with the same mtDNA sequence as Cpl Stuck.  The genetic data (mtDNA and Y-STR) for the right ulna, the left femur, and the left tibia are up to 167,000 times more likely to be observed under the scenario that the family reference samples compared to the bone samples submitted originate from a paternal relative (brother) of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck than from an unrelated individual in the general Caucasian population.  Other bones were tested, but yielded insufficient or non-reportable Y-STR data.

Anthropology Analysis:

The examined remains consist of incomplete and fragmentary skeleton in poor condition.  All of the bones are sampled, tested for mtDNA, and those yielding results, share an mtDNA sequence.  Morphologically and developmentally, the remains are those of an adult male, aged 17 – 27 years at death, of indeterminate ancestry, and an estimated stature of 64.7 – 70.3 inches.  No perimortem trauma is observed in the remains.  At the time of his loss, Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck was a 20-year-old white male who stood 67 inches in height.

Consolidation Analysis:

Skeletal remains are consolidated from eight different accessions that were unilaterally turned over by North Korea, on the basis of a shared mitochondrial DNA sequence data. 

Skeletal Element mtDNA Sample
Number(s) or
Other Association
Purported Origin Original Accession
 Cranium  A.3 (01D)  Chongsung-ni  CIL 1993-113
 Right ulna  D (04A)  Chongsung-ni  CIL 1993-115
 Left humerus  A (01A)  Chongsung-ni  CIL 1993-117
 Right radius  O (15A)  Chongsung-ni  CIL 1993-117
 Right innominate  F.1 (06B)  Chongsung-ni  CIL 1993-231 
 Left femur  A (01A)  Chongsung-ni  CIL 1993-231 
 Fibula  H (08A)  Chongsung-ni  CIL 1993-231 
 Left scapula  07A  Chongsung-ni  CIL 1993-234 
 Right humerus   F (06A)  Chongsung-ni  CIL 1993-236 
 Left innominate  10A Up-ri CIL 1993-248
 Right femur  01A Chongsung-ni CIL 1993-237
 Left tibia  02A Chongsung-ni CIL 1993-237
 Right tibia  03A Chongsung-ni CIL 1993-237



The laboratory analysis and the totality of the circumstantial evidence available establish the remains as those of Corporal Kenneth Richard Stuck, RA13342892, U.S. Army.

The date of Cpl Stuck''s death was previously established by the U.S. Army as 31 December 1953, with the cause of death not stated. Corporal STUCK was most likely Killed in Action and more accurate date of death would be 4 November 1950; the MIA location was also the location where the remains were claimed to have been recovered from. Based on the available evidence, the cause and manner of death cannot be determined to a sufficient degree of medical certainty, and are best certified as "Undetermined." If additional remains of Cpl Kenneth R. Stuck are recovered and identified, disposition of those remains will be in accordance with the wishes of the next of kin.


                                                                                                         EDWARD A. REEDY, Ph.D., M.D., D-ABP
                                                                                                         Captain, Medical Corps, U.S.Navy
                                                                                                         Science Director
                                                                                                         Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency

Enclosures (16):

1.      Historical Report: Corporal Kenneth R. STUCK; Democratic People's Republic of Korea; dtd 3 February 2015
2.      Report of Segregation: K208 Sequence 6 (Chongsung-ni Sequence 6); dtd 20 November 2012
3.      Report of Consolidation: Consolidation of Remains Originally Accessioned as CIL 1993113, CIL 1993-115, CIL 1993-117, CIL
         1993-231, CIL 1993-234, CIL 1993-236, CIL  1993-237 and CIL 1993-248 into CIL 1993-237-I-01 (K208 Sequence 6);  dtd 30
         July 2015
4.      Forensic Anthropology Report: CIL 1993-237-I-01; dtd 27 June 2013
5.      Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
         1993-113; AFDIL Case No. 1999H-0535; dtd December 12, 2014
6.      Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
         1993-115; AFDIL Case No. 2002H-0974; dtdOctober 14, 2015
7.      Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
         1993-117; AFDIL Case No. 2002H-0975; dtd December 11, 2014
8.      Department of Defense; Armed Forces Medical Examiner System; MCMR-MED-MDN; STUCK, Kenneth R. (BTB); CIL Case No.
         1993-231; AFDIL Case No. 2001H-0005; dtd  October 6, 2015


What We Do

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